Active and Passive voice

Active and Passive voice

1.  (a) We form the infinitive in the passive voice in this way:           

   To + past participle

Example:

                Active verb: to offer

Victor wants to offer Tom a job in his studio.

                Passive verb: to be offered

Ming hopes to be offered a scholarship to study aboard.

(b) We often use the passive infinitive after verbs such as are to, have to, going to, hope to, need to, want to, and would like to. But we drop the “to” in front of the infinitive.

Example:

John doesn’t want to be involved in the musical band.

2.  We form the passive voice of the ‘ing’ form by adding being + past participle after a finite verb.

Example:       like + being + carried

The child likes being carried and cries when she is put in the pram.

3.  When we use adverbs of time, manner or frequency in the passive voice, we usually place them after the first word in a verb made up of two or more words.

Example:

We are always taught to be well-mannered and honest.

Mary and Liz have seldom been seen are the gym.

The carpets are often put out to air in the sun.

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Uncle Teng

 

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