Every time your heart beats, it pushes blood out to your entire body. The blood moves through blood vessels called arteries. The term blood pressure refers to how hard the blood is pressing against the walls of your arteries.
When your heart contracts, blood is forced out of the heart and the pressure increases. When your heart relaxes, the pressure decreases.
A blood pressure monitor allows you to see the pressure at both points. The higher number is called the systolic pressure, and the lower number is the diastolic pressure. For example, a normal blood pressure is “115 over 70”:
115 systolic pressure (heart contracting)/70 diastolic pressure (heart relaxing)
What is high blood pressure
High blood pressure, or “hypertension,” often has no obvious cause, although many factors can contribute. When you have high blood pressure, your blood vessels are too narrow (constricted) or they may have too much blood volume circulating in them. High blood pressure puts an additional strain on blood vessels throughout your body and increases the workload on the heart.
What should my numbers be?
The chart below shows how blood pressure is classified in adults at least 18 years old. You want your blood pressure reading to be lower than “120 over 80.”
Blood pressure Systolic Diastolic
Normal Less than 120 Less than 80
Pre-High 120 – 139 80 – 89
High – Stage 1 140 – 159 90 – 99
High – Stage 2 160 or over 100 or over
It’s possible for only ONE of the numbers to be high (the systolic or diastolic).
It is particularly important to keep an eye on a high systolic number.
Human Blood Pressure Range Diagram
The 1st Number:
Systolic pressure is the pressure generated when the heart contracts.The 2nd Number:
Buy and use a blood pressure monitor.Compare your BP reading with the numbers on the chart above. Draw a line from your systolic pressure to your diastolic pressure.Is the slope of the line about the same as shown on the chart? Where do YOU fit in? What are your risk factors?Are your blood pressure readings within the normal blood pressure range?
What is important is your AVERAGE BP, or MAP (Mean Arterial Pressure) over time.
Lowering High Blood Pressure Tactics
Blood Pressure Chart above.
NORMAL BLOOD PRESSUREREADINGS RANGE
HIGH Blood Pressure Symptoms -Stressed, Sedentary, Bloated, Weak, Failing Systolic – Diastolic
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