4.1 Active and Passive voice

1.  Active voice to Passive voice: –

tense of the verb remain the same & the verb has to agree with the subject.

Example:

The coach always encourages the children to practice different swimming strokes.

The children are encouraged to practice different swimming strokes by the coach.

2.  When the verb in the active voice takes an indirect object, we can have two sentences with two different subjects in the passive voice.

Example:

My parents sent me food parcels regularly when I was studying overseas. (active voice)

I was sent food parcels regularly by my parents when I was studying overseas. (passive voice)

Food parcels were sent to me regularly by my parents when I was studying overseas. (passive voice)

Note:

It is more common to begin with the person rather than the thing in the passive voice.

 

 

3.  We use it + the passive verb when we refer to what people in general believe, feel or think about someone or something.

Example:

Everyone predicts that there will be a downturn in the economic situation in the country. (active voice)

It is predicted that there will be a downturn in the economic situation in the country. (passive voice)

Pages 68 & 69

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