Preposition with situations and things

Preposition With situations & things

From,    of,     &     out of

a) Fromrefer to the sender or giver,

                   The place of origin,

                   The material used to make something.



      This card is from Ellen.

      These oranges are from China.

                  You can make these colorful mats from screw pine leaves.


b) Of – refer to the content of something,

             or the substance or

             materials used to make something.


            The new set of encyclopedia consists of 20 volumes.

            This cardigan is made of 100% wood. 


c) Out of – refer solely to the substance or

                     material used to make something.


       This lantern is made of paper.

        Rick made this unusual puppet out of an old sock.


By,   in    &    with

Refer to how something is done.

a) By – refer to ways of travelling,

              sending, or

              receiving something, or 

              doing things.


We travelled to Thailand by car.

I sent you the document by courier service.

Keep the dough moistened by covering it

with a damp cloth.


b) In – refer to the medium used

              when saying or

              doing something.


Mary sang us a beautiful song in French.

That artist does portraits of famous

personalities in crayon. 


c) With – refers to the object or

                 tool used when doing something.


The workers brought down the wall with sledgehammers

The doctor checked the patient’s breathing with a stethoscope.


In,    into    &     out of

Refer to situations.

a) In – Refer to the situation a person

            or thing is in already.


Since October 2007, that company has been in financial difficulties.

We had an office party yesterday and left the whole place in a mess. 


b) Into – refers to someone’s getting involved

                  or caught in a situation.


The swimmer got into difficulties when he was about 100m from the shore.

Peter always got into fights with his neighbor’s son. 

c) Out of – refers to a person or

                    thing no longer being in a certain situation.


Jenny is out of job.

     The heart patient is out of danger now


At, above, below, over & under

To describe a person’s age.

a) At – refers to the exact age of a person.



Children go to school at the age of six.

Mr Lee opted for early retirement at the age of 45. 


b) Above & over – refers to ages higher than a specific age level.



The bank has provided special services

for those above the age of 55.


      Only those above 21 can apply for 

      membership to the club


c) Below & under –

     refers to ages lower than a specific age level.




Children below 7 years cannot enter the

pool unless accompanied by an adult.


Those under 55 are not considered to

be senior citizens.


               d) Between – refers to range of ages




The spelling competition is for children

between the ages of 5 and 7.

(Those who are 5, 6 &7 of ages) 



e) Above & below

     Refer to the position of someone or something in a group or list.



      Jenny is the senior officer in the

      Accounting Department.

      She has two other officers working below her.

     You can find Sam’s phone number just

      above Sarah’s in my telephone book. 


above, below, between, over & under

refer to numbers or quantities.

a)     above, below, over & under –

       refer to number in relation to scales of measurement such

       as price, speed, weight, etc.



We need to bring down Jenny’s temperature. It is above 100 F


b)  over – refer to number in relation to people or heights.



The computer fair attracted over 2,000 people this weekend.


John is over six feet tall.


c) between – refer to an approximate number or

                        amount by stating first the smaller 

                         number and then the bigger one.



That company suffered losses of between 

1 and 1.5 million dollars last year.


I think between 50 and 60 people turned up for

the opening of the new art gallery in Penang Road. 


At – refer to an exact number or quantity.


By – refer to an increase or decrease in quantity,

        or the difference between two quantities.




The grandfather clock was marked at $1,000 but

the shop brought it down to $800 during the sale.


The baby’s weigh increased by another pound last week.


H a p p y      l e a r n i n g




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